Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research (ISSN : 0975-7384)

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Original Articles: 2016 Vol: 8 Issue: 2

The relationship between academic self-efficacy with level of education, age and sex in Lorestan University students


Academic self-efficacy beliefs represents the confidence of person to her/his ability to successfully accomplishment of academic tasks on a distinctive level. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the academic selfefficacy of students on the basis of age, gender and education degree. This study was descriptive and correlational. The study population included all students of Lorestan University in the academic year 93 -94. It was from this community, 196 students were selected (100 men & 96 women). All students were asked to complete College Academic Self-efficacy Scale (CASES, Owen & Froman, 1988). This scale include 33 items that designed to assessing academic self-efficacy beliefs of students. ANOVA test & Turkey test were used to comparison academic self-efficacy in men and women and different educational levels of students. To evaluate the correlation between spiritual intelligence and the age of students the Pearson Correlation Test was used. The results showed that in terms of academic self-efficacy there is a significant difference (p<01 and F=39/599) between BA students, MA students and PhD candidate as academic self-efficacy is more in higher level of education. The Average of academic self-efficacy was 40/03 in men and 44/23 in women, that this difference was significant. Also there was a positive significant relationship between academic self-efficacy and age (p<0/01). The results suggested that academic selfefficacy can be in relationship whit some factors include age, sex and level of education. However this finding may not be consonant, but perhaps the different society and research environment is the reason of it.