Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research (ISSN : 0975-7384)

Reach Us reach to JOCPR whatsapp-JOCPR +44 1625708989
All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Original Articles: 2011 Vol: 3 Issue: 6

The investigation of the relationship among xanthine oxidase, interleukin-6 and body mass index in patients with an ischemic period of acute myocardial infarction: A novel correlation


Some cardiovascular risk factors stimulate the entrance of inflammatory cells into the arterial wall; these cells are important sources for cytokines, including interleukine-6 (IL-6). For myocardial ischemia, a superoxide radical scavenger mechanism is conducted via xanthine oxidase (XO). In this study, the relationship among IL-6, XO, and body mass index (BMI) were studied in 45 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and 30 patients in a control group. Plasma IL-6 was measured using a sandwich enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay (ELISA) test; XO activity was measured using Prajda’s method. The mean XO levels in the patient and control groups were 0.25 ± 0.15 and 0.14 ± 0.06 U/mL, respectively. The mean IL-6 in the patient and control groups was 24.13 ± 14.8 and 14.98 ± 8.34 pg/mL, respectively. In comparison with the control group, both XO and IL-6 were significantly higher (p<0.005). In correlation analysis for the patient group, a significant correlation was found between XO and BMI (r:0.3, p<0.05). However, no correlation existed among IL-6, XO, and BMI in either the patients with AMI, or the control group. IL-6 and XO increased in patients with AMI, but no correlation existed between them, indicating that IL-6 and XO are independent markers for insufficient endothelial function in ischemic myocardium. The correlation between XO and BMI in patients with AMI is a new finding requiring further investigation.