Original Articles: 2011 Vol: 3 Issue: 1
Synthesis of some 2-methyl-5-nitroimidazole derivatives as potential antimicrobial agents
The nitroimidazole class of compounds has yielded several antimicrobial agents that are currently in use. 5-nitroimidazoles are widely used in the treatment of diseases caused by protozoa and anaerobic bacteria. The simplest structural requirement for biological activity is the 1-alkyl-5-nitro-imidazole unit as exemplified by analogs of metronidazole such as tinidazole, ronidazole, secnidazole, ipronidazole. It has been known that the isopropyl alcoholic functional group in the secnidazole molecule is suitable for various reactions. Hence it is substituted with different groups by replacing the hydroxyl group with several groups and other effective secnidazole derivatives were obtained. Using these features, ester derivatives of 1-(2-methyl-5- nitro-1H-imidazol-1-yl) propan-2-ol were synthesized and their antibacterial and antifungal activities were assayed.