Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research (ISSN : 0975-7384)

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Original Articles: 2013 Vol: 5 Issue: 5

Spectrophotometric determination of trace elements in some fruits and vegetables

Abstract

Trace elements composition of Guava, Lemon, Moringa, Okra, Pepper, Roselle, Spinach and Tomato from ten irrigation areas (viz Magaga, Thomas Dam, Wasai, Garin-dau, Danguguwa, Watari, Marke, Joda, `Yarrutu and Guzu-guzu) of Kano State were investigated. The results obtained showed that the mean [Cd] is 0.27 ± 0.06mg/dm3, [Zn] 2.39 ± 0.11mg/dm3, [Ca] 4.05 ± 0.20mg/dm3, [Mn] 0.31 ± 0.02mg/dm3, [Co] 1.38 ± 0.10mg/dm3, [Ni] 1.75 ± 0.13mg/dm3, [Cr] 4.48 ± 0.20mg/dm3, [Pb] 1.05 ± 0.13mg/dm3, [Cu] 1.98 ± 0.15mg/dm3 and [Fe] 0.32 ± 0.18mg/dm3. The mean concentrations of Mn, Cd, Zn, Fe, Cu and Ca were within the tolerable limits of 0.5mg/dm3, 0.8mg/dm3, 5.0mg/dm3, 0.30mg/dm3, 2.00mg/dm3 and 7.5mg/dm3 respectively while the mean concentrations of Ni, Co, Pb and Cr were above the permissible limits of 0.02mg/dm3, 0.25mg/dm3, 0.05mg/dm3 and 0.05mg/dm3 respectively set by United states environmental protection agency(USEPA). The moisture contents of all the samples were analysed, having Tomato with the highest mean moisture content of 91.29% and Pepper with lowest value of 67.69%.