Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research (ISSN : 0975-7384)

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Original Articles: 2010 Vol: 2 Issue: 4

Physicochemical characteristics and statistical study of groundwater of some places of Vadgam taluka in Banaskantha district of Gujarat state (India)


The demand of water is continuously increasing in today’s world due to massive increase in population and human activities. As a complementary resource to surface water, groundwater is a valuable natural resource for drinking water. Like the other natural resources, it should be monitored periodically and natives should be made aware of the quality of drinking water. For the present study, different samples of groundwater were collected from the locations of Vadgam taluka of Gujarat state of India and analysed for their physicochemical parameters like temperature, colour, odour, turbidity, electrical conductance (E.C.), pH, total dissolved solids (TDS), total alkalinity, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and concentrations of ions like chloride, fluoride, calcium and magnesium. Its quality was compared with drinking water standards of ICMR and EU (1998). For the statistical analysis, values of mean, standard deviations and correlation co-efficients (r) were also calculated for these water quality characteristics