Original Articles: 2017 Vol: 9 Issue: 4
Isolation and Characterization of the Phytoconstituents in the Aerial Parts of Wild and Home Planted Artemisia vulgaris by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
Several phytochemical compounds inthe aerial parts of Artemisia vulgaris were isolated and identified. The investigation included home planted (fresh and dried) and the dry wild plant. A unique assay was used to demonstrate the extraction and identification. Methanol was used as the extraction solvent and gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry was used in separation and identification. Among others, camphor, piperitone, D-limonene and vulgarin are the major constituents of the extract of the dry wild plant. While Artimisia ketone, 1,8-Cenol, D-Fructose and Artinniun b are the major constituents of the extract of the home plant. Concentrations of the detectable phytoconstituents are calculated as relative proportions among extract populations. The major compounds are found in considerable percentages calculated from peak areas in the GC chromatograms. The aerial plant components of Artemisia vulgaris have important applications in traditional medicine.