Original Articles: 2015 Vol: 7 Issue: 7
Ethno botanical study and socio-economic role of Anacyclus pyrethrum L. and Thymus zygis subsp. gracilis (Boiss.), in the Timahdite town, province of frane-Morocco
Within the framework of the valorization of the aromatic and medicinal plants of the Moroccan flora, we were interested in Anacyclus pyrethrum Link and Thymus zygis subsp. gracilis (Boiss.), in the area of Timahdite province of Ifrane, Morocco. An ethnobotanic and socio-economic surveys were conducted, using the data sheets, in the rural district of Timahdite in May, June and July 2013 with the help of the collectors, intermediaries, cooperatives, herbalists and exporting companies in order to know the use of these two species, their distribution channels, their economic value as well as the factors of degradation caused by the local population. The results of this study showed that the two sexes, men and women are concerned with the collection of these plants whose majority are illiterates. In addition, Anacyclus pyrethrum and Thymus zygis are used for their therapeutic, industrial and cosmetic virtues. The part most used for Anacyclus pyrethrum is the root whereas for Thymus zygis it is the leaves. On the other side, the interviews made it possible to describe the commercial outlets of these two species since the collection until their exports. This study enabled us to conclude that Anacyclus pyrethrum and Thymus zygis are medicinal herbs by excellence; they are used in the Moroccan pharmacopeia for the treatment of various diseases. The weakness of the incomes, the elevated level of poverty and the prices relatively high of these two plants are the essential factors which push the bordering population to use or exploit commercially largely these species in their territory.