Original Articles: 2017 Vol: 9 Issue: 8
Essential Oils: Biosynthesis, Chemistry and Biological Functions
Since ancient times, essential oils have been used for many purposes; the most important uses are the treatment of disease in various ancient civilizations and cultures around the world and used widely for bactericidal, virucidal, fungicidal, antiparasitical, insecticidal, medicinal and cosmetic applications, as well as pharmaceutical, agricultural and food industries. Essential oils are natural products obtained from plant raw material by different extraction methods techniques and found in various parts of the plant organs. The mostly essential oils extraction by distillation from aromatic plants, they contain a variety of volatile molecules such as terpenes, terpenoids, phenylpropanoids and other components. Essential oils have the broad range biological activities which are due to the chemical compounds that make up essential oils.