Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research (ISSN : 0975-7384)

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Reviews: 2010 Vol: 2 Issue: 6

A Review on Chemistry and Pharmacological activity of Nerium oleander L.

Abstract

Nerium oleander L. is an important Chinese folk med icine. It is a vegetatively propagated ornamental plant, valued for its evergreen foliage and showy terminal flower clusters that are available in different colors. Oleander is cultivat ed recently as a flowering pot plant and therefore abundant propagation of plant material fo r commercial use is of great importance. This species also produces secondary metabolites, s ome of which are pharmacological interests. The important pharmacological activities are anti-i nflammatory, antibacterial, anticancer, antinociceptive, and CNS depressant activity. This paper explains the evidence-based information regarding the phytochemistry and pharma cological activity of this plant.