Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research (ISSN : 0975-7384)

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Original Articles: 2015 Vol: 7 Issue: 3

A descriptive study of age at menarche, BMI and the relation of hygiene practices with urinary tract infections in upper-middle income women


Menarche has always been associated, since the ancient times, with cultural and religious elements. The practices undertaken during menstruation have great role to play in the health of a woman. A cross-sectional study was designed to gain knowledge on the age at menarche, practices during menstruation and medication trends among upper-middle income women in Pakistan. This study involved a door to door survey over a period of six months, from January, 2014 to June, 2014, under the surveillance of trained surveyors. The average age at menarche was found to be 12.5 (±1.21) years. Our study found a significant association between age at menarche and BMI (<0.001). Chi-square test showed strong association (<0.001) between the use of unhygienic absorbing material and incidence of UTIs among upper-middle income women. There were 32% women in the upper-middle income practicing self-medication for dysmenorrhoea in Pakistan. The study has concluded that there is a need to promote health and hygiene education among females in Pakistan. Our study findings added to the existing knowledge of practices undertaken by females in Pakistan during their menstruation cycle.

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